Weather and climate in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia's environment is shifting everywhere. Due to the vastness of its geographical range and the passage of many geological stages over it over the centuries, and what distinguishes the Kingdom most of all is the presence in it of various types of terrain, such as mountains, plains, valleys, and sand dunes, this article will discuss the climate of Saudi Arabia and the dates of its seasons.

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Climate of Saudi Arabia

There are a lot of issues that need to be answered, such as: in what climatic zone is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia located? Due to the fact that Saudi Arabia has a climate that is classified as semi-arid to dry desert climate (i.e., and is also characterized by a steep decline in annual precipitation, with the exception of the southwestern section of the country in the Asir area.

Because of the interplay between westerly winds (low pressure systems moving eastward from the Mediterranean) and the extension of the Sudan Depression, the northern and central areas get some rain throughout the winter. This is owing to the fact that the Sudan Depression is expanding. climate of the Kingdom During the summer months, the southwestern regions of the Kingdom experience rainfall as a result of the movement of the orbital convergence zone and monsoon circulation, as well as the interaction of these factors with the terrain of the area.

Climate of Saudi Arabia

Temperatures in Saudi Arabia

Temperatures vary from season to season but remain relatively high as the climate of Saudi Arabia tends to be hot and dry. Below are the average temperatures for all regions of Saudi Arabia:

20 - 30 degrees Celsius during the winter season from December to February.
30 - 40 degrees Celsius during the spring season from March to May.
35 - 45 degrees Celsius in summer from June to August.
25 - 35 degrees Celsius during the autumn season, from September to November.

Factors affecting the climate of Saudi Arabia

In general, the climate of Saudi Arabia is influenced by a great number of variables, and some of these aspects may occasionally bring about shifts in the climate.

Saudi Arabia is located in a region that is prone to extremes in temperature and precipitation.

There are a variety of factors that contribute to the climate of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, some of them are as follows:

  • the study of geography, namely the arrangement of the land and the water.
  • The latitude of the location, in addition to the angles at which the sun is intersecting with the horizon.
  • The percentage of an area's elevation that is above the level of the sea, either for a low region or a high region.
  • The predominant kind of wind as well as the type of wind that is present.
  • sea currents.
  • Location, in terms of both its geographic and astronomical features.
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