What are the causes of sudden high blood pressure?

Many elderly people suffer from sudden high blood pressure, and there are many reasons and factors for its sudden rise, so we are pleased to provide you with the most important information related to high blood pressure, how to treat and prevent it, and the factors and causes that cause high blood pressure.

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High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of blood against the arterial walls may be elevated

Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the extent of resistance to its flow in the arteries.

The more blood the heart pumps and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure.

The blood pressure reading is measured in millimeters of mercury, and the meter shows two numbers:

  • The number at the top is the “systolic pressure.” The first or upper number measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart is beating.
  • The number below is the “diastolic pressure.” The second or lower number measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats.

Causes of high blood pressure

There are many reasons that may lead to high blood pressure, including primary causes and secondary causes, which are:

  • Kidney disease.
  • Tumors of the adrenal gland
  • Certain congenital heart defects.
  • Caffeine intake
  • smoking
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers and a number of prescription medications.
  • Drugs such as cocaine and amphetamine
  • Stress and anger
  • Overactivity of the adrenal gland
  • Sudden and sharp pain
  • Certain medications, such as: decongestants, birth control pills, and cold medicines

How can sudden high blood pressure be prevented before it occurs?

Do physical activity every day as much as you can.
Work to avoid obesity as much as possible and maintain body weight within the normal limit. In the event of infection, you must try to treat this problem by following up with a nutritionist, and stay away from any food that contains high levels of sodium.
Eat low-calorie and nutritious foods, such as: fruits and vegetables, and stay away from foods rich in fat and sugar.
Work to treat the main causes of high blood pressure, through the supervision of a specialist doctor.
Try to stop the smoking habit completely, and if you are not a smoker, you should stay away from passive smoking.
Doing some exercises that reduce stress, such as relaxation and getting rid of stress as soon as possible,

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