How to think logically

how to keep your capacity to think rationally and clearly no matter where you are or what you are doing at any given moment in time, regardless of the circumstances you find yourself in at that moment.

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Logical thinking

Logical thinking is defined as the transition from one related statement to another or from a specific related idea to another idea, where the first statements in logical thinking are called antecedents and the subsequent statements are called suffixes.
The classic example of logical thinking takes a form of thinking, for example: if thinking involves that all cows are animals, then this means that every cow is an animal, and the generalization begins with a hypothesis that is supposed to be true, and then an attempt to find a conclusion about a specific case.
It is noteworthy that there are three things worth noting about this form of thinking.

The first is that it tries to be objective, and that the conclusion does not depend on one's own point of view, opinions, or beliefs. The fact of the conclusion should be clear to everyone.

It is necessary for the conclusion to arise from the hypothesis, as it is not possible to question the validity of whether all cows are animals or not, just as the structure of this thinking is sequential in the form of (if / then), and logical thinking often includes a series of ideas, or a group of chains, as The word chain refers to a way to connect ideas or data together.

Types of logical thinking

There are types of logical thinking, including:

  • Inference by deduction: it is the conclusion by content, for logical thinking begins with deduction with deductive logical thinking, by confirming a general rule, then ends with specific and content inference, that is, it moves from the general rule to the specific application, for example if the original facts are true, then the conclusion must be true .
  • Inductive reasoning: Inductive reasoning begins with precise and specific observations, until it ends with a general conclusion, where this conclusion is based on accumulated evidence. Research, and form a theory to explain what is being discovered.
  • Mental reasoning: This type of logical thinking is an attempt to try luck, as it begins with an incomplete set of observations, and ends with a close interpretation of the group. This type is also useful in daily decision-making, in the presence of incomplete information.

Logical thinking steps

The steps of logical thinking are several steps, including:

  • Abstraction: In this process, any subject, person, or thing is investigated, as these things are investigated to become a separate topic for analysis and thinking.
  • Generalization: A general concept or idea is formed, in order to determine the direction of the common characteristics of subjects, people, and things, and to combine them and unify them in one idea.
  • Judgment: In this step, two things, or two subjects, or two people are compared, in order to discover the similarities and differences between them.
  • Logic: In this step, two people, two subjects, or two things are compared, in order to clarify their relationship to a person or a subject.
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